Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Babcock, R.C. 2003. (Ref. 791)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 26°E - 172°W (Ref. 848)
Colony: massive, hemispherical, flat, or columnar; commonly over 1 m across. Corallites: 4 to 6 sided. Long and short septa alternate clearly; thin and straight with well developed thin paliform lobes. Color: uniform cream or pale brown, sometimes brown, pink, or green (Ref. 848).
Sometimes a dominant species of intertidal habitats (Ref. 848). Hermaphroditic (Refs. 113708, 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref.833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models