Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 26°E - 172°W (Ref. 848)
Colony: massive, hemispherical or columnar, often over 1 m across. Corallites: only slightly angular, with thick rounded walls. Septa: irregular length, tapering from the wall to the small columellae. Thick paliform lobes. Color: uniform cream or brown, sometimes with orange centers (Ref. 848).
Found on mostly shallow subtidal environments (Ref. 848). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models