Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; brackish. Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Belize, Jamaica, Venezuela and Panama.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive: 10 - 20 cm diameter. Cream or light gray to dark brown externally (the color is from the cyanobacteria); tan internally. Consistency is pulpy and easily crumbled. Surface rough, and it may be wrinkled. Ocsules: 0.2 - 0.5 cm wide aggregated (Ref. 415).
Rare; found on mangrove roots; mangrove peat banks (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)