Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 20.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: Belize, Jamaica, Venezuela and Panama.
Massive: 10 - 20 cm diameter. Cream or light gray to dark brown externally (the color is from the cyanobacteria); tan internally. Consistency is pulpy and easily crumbled. Surface rough, and it may be wrinkled. Ocsules: 0.2 - 0.5 cm wide aggregated (Ref. 415).
Rare; found on mangrove roots; mangrove peat banks (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)