Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish. Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Belize, Jamaica, Venezuela and Panama.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive: 10 - 20 cm diameter. Cream or light gray to dark brown externally (the color is from the cyanobacteria); tan internally. Consistency is pulpy and easily crumbled. Surface rough, and it may be wrinkled. Ocsules: 0.2 - 0.5 cm wide aggregated (Ref. 415).
Rare; found on mangrove roots; mangrove peat banks (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DâÂ¡az, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SâÃnchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdââs. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)