Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Klitgaard, A.B. 1995. (Ref. 84825)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 157 - 1900 m (Ref. 108900), usually 230 - 400 m (Ref. 108900)
Climate / Range
Boreal; -1°C - 8°C (Ref. 108900)
Northeast Atlantic: Faroe Islands.
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models