Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Engel, S. and J.R. Pawlik. 2005. (Ref. 836)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 1 - 90 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Western Atlantic: USA and Caribbean.
Massive; irregular, globular, or lobate of at least 30 cm across. Firm and slighthly compressible. Smooth and non-porous, with ostia present. Sediments, algae and other encrusting sponges usually cover surfaces without ostia. External color: Whitish in dark habitats, dark brown when exposed to light. Cream internal.
Occurs in shallow inshore hard bottoms (Ref. 85482) and mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). In Belize, it is found in a submarine cave near Columbus Cay (Ref. 87209). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models