Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
DeFelice, R.C., L.G. Eldredge and J.T. Carlton. 2001. (Ref. 3248)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Tropical; 22°N - 4°N, 116°E - 127°E
Central Pacific: Philippines. Introduced in Hawaiian Islands, Guam and Palmyra Atoll.
Thickly encrusting mat with anastomosing and meandering branches with some branches erect. Exterior color is blue-gray and interior is grayish beige. Spongy, fibrous, elastic and tough, surface is smooth to irregularly conulose with protruding tufts of fibers. Megascleres: curved oxeas 160 to 180 micrometers, microscleres: small sigmas 15 micrometers.
Mainly restricted to shallow-water fouling communities of the major harbors or associated disturbed habitats and also on patch reefs, encrusting the shaded underside of plate corals (Ref. 3248). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models