Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea
Environment / Climate / Range
Pelagic; depth range 36 - 1400 m (Ref. 822). Temperate
Eastern Pacific: Alaska to Mexico. Tropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 822)
Assumed maximum length from Ref. 822. Collected almost solely offshore (Ref. 822). Found at depths at least 30 m (Ref. 2376). Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.
Behrens, D.W. and A. Hermosillo. 2005. (Ref. 822)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 3.6 - 7.9, mean 5.2 (based on 83 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)