Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 384 - 1006 m (Ref. 87480). Polar
Antarctic Indian Ocean: Kerguelen and Crozet.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Depth based on Crozet Island (Ref. 87480). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Murray, J. 1896. (Ref. 87480)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.4 - 2.9, mean 2.2 (based on 34 cells).