Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 30.0 cm COLD male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)
Reef-associated; depth range 3 - 20 m (Ref. 8294)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 32°E - 137°W (Ref. 847)
The coral is circular in outline, up to 30 cm in diameter. The upper surface is fairly rough due to moderate to deeply incised septal dentations on most septocostae, and the lower surface is rough due to costal spines (Ref. 269). The coral is circular in outline, up to 30 cm in diameter.
Maximum depth from Ref. 98471. Found at intermediate depths on reef slopes (Ref. 269). Also on back reefs, reef flats, and lagoons. Solitary, free-living (Ref. 98471). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (20 of 100)