Hydrozoa | Leptothecata
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 14 - 423 m (Ref. 7424). Polar
Southeast Atlantic and the Antarctic: Antarctica and South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Stolonal colonies composed of stolons creeping on substratum and giving rise to sock-shaped hydrothecae, adnate to substratum to a varied degree. Adnate part of hydrothecae provided with striae on dorsal side; striation highly variable. Hydrothecal aperture circular, rim even. Cnidome composed of two kinds of nematocysts, small and large ones. Coppinia composed of a set of firmly adpressed gonothecae surrounded by a fence of long defensive tubes usually curved towards the centre of the gonothecal mass in such a way that they constitute a nest or corbula. Defensive tubes forked or unforked, provided with distal, circular aperture. Gonotheca tubular, basally truncated and with a distal, unraised, circular aperture, usually on a slightly raised, cone-shaped part. Eggs remaining on gonothecae, immersed in a sort of nourishing mass.
Found at depths of 13.5 to 400 m (Ref. 7424). Found with coppinia in January to February and June. Material was collected in December to February (Ref. 7424).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Found with coppinia in January to February and June. Material was collected in December to February.
PeÃ±a Cantero, A.L., A. Svoboda and W. Vervoort. 2004. (Ref. 7424)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 0.2 - 10.5, mean 1.8 (based on 51 cells).