Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Morri, C., C.N. Bianchi, S. Cocito, A. Peirano, A.M. De Biase, S. Aliani, M. Pansini, M. Boyer, F. Ferdeghini, M Pestarino and P. Dando. 1999. (Ref. 2672)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 2 - 41 m (Ref. 2672)
Climate / Range
Southwest Atlantic, Northeast Pacific and the Mediterranean Sea. Temperate.
An epibenthic-suspension/filter feeder that thrives on particulate organic matter and phytoplankton (Ref. 93816). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models