Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 32°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Colony: submassive to encrusting, sometimes forming irregular columns; commonly more than 1 m across. Corallites: thin walled, angular. Septa: few. Well developed paliform lobes, commonly forming a conspicuous crown. Color often brightly colored, brown or red, often with green oral discs (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow reef environments (Ref. 848) and among rocks (Ref. 102838). Hermaphroditic (Refs. 113708, 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models