Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Nemenzo, F. Sr. 1986. (Ref. 910)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 32°E - 137°W (Ref. 848)
Colony: massive, with slightly angular corallites. Corallites: with thick, rounded walls. Weakly developed paliform lobes. Large columellae. Septal spines may be prominent. Costae commonly form a three pointed star where three corallites adjoin. Color: often brown, sometimes with green or gray oral discs (Ref. 848).
Found in most reef environments (Ref. 848). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models