Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Ross, M.A. and G. Hodgson. 1981. (Ref. 8294)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 47 m (Ref. 8294)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 26°E - 137°W (Ref. 848)
Colony: massive, either rounded or hillocky, sometimes over 1 m across. Corallites: rounded, with thick walls. Septa: straight, with exsert teeth. Color: dark in turbid environments, otherwise pale brown with brown or green oral discs (Ref. 848).
Maximum depth from Ref. 107542. Found in most reef environments (Ref. 848). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models