Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 27°S, 40°E - 154°E (Ref. 848)
Colony: massive, flat, or hemispherical. Corallites: typically inclined on the colony surface, facing downwards on hemispherical surface; walls with sharp rims, except for colonies from very shallow water. Lower part of the inclined corallite walls commonly immersed, giving the upper part a hooded appearance. Septa: widely spaced, irregular size. Well developed paliform crowns. Color: uniformly yellowish-green or brown (Ref. 848).
Found in most shallow reef environments (Ref. 848). Subtidal rock, rocky reefs. Also in outer reef channel, back and foreslopes as well as lagoons (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models