Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Ross, M.A. and G. Hodgson. 1981. (Ref. 8294)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 28°N - 34°S, 26°E - 108°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and eastern Africa, east to Easter Island, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia.
Formation: spherical, columnar, hillocky or flat, may be several meters across. Corallites: evenly disturbed, conical, with thick walls and small openings. Costae: equal, well developed. Adjacent corallites do not join. A crown of paliform lobes often distinct. Uniform brown or green (Ref. 848).
Found in shallow reef environments with strong water movement (Ref. 848). In subtidal rock, rocky reefs, outer reef channel, back and foreslopes as well as lagoons (Ref. 98471). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models