Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Ross, M.A. and G. Hodgson. 1981. (Ref. 8294)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 2 - 25 m (Ref. 8294)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 26°E - 137°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-Pacific. Tropical to subtropical.
Colony: massive. Corallites: circular, closely compacted in shallow water, more widely spaced in deeper water. Septa: fine, numerous, regular. Paliform lobes often poorly developed. Color: pale gray, green or brown, often with calices of contrasting color (Ref. 848).
Depth range is based on occurrence. Minimum depth from Ref. 115203. Found in all reef environments (Ref. 848), subtidal on rocks, rocky reefs, outer reef channel, back and foreslopes and in lagoons (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models