Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 13°N, 32°E - 43°E (Ref. 848)
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea.
Colony: submassive to massive, often 1 m across. Corallites: subplocoid, circular to irregularly shaped, crowded; inner walls plunge vertically. Septa: thin, uniformly spaced and subequal, most reaching the columella deep within the calice. Costae of adjacent corallites do not meet, leaving a narrow ambulacral groove. Paliform lobes absent. Small and compact columellae. Color: tan with white centers (Ref. 848).
Found in shallow exposed reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models