Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 26°S, 32°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Colony: submassive. Corallites: conical, mostly in uniform shape. Extra- and intratentacular budding both present. Well developed paliform lobes. Septa: neatly arranged, thickened over the wall. Costae: neat, and those of adjacent corallites adjoin. Color: brown, tan, or blue-gray with cream oral discs (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow reef environments (Ref. 848). On subtidal rocks, rocky reefs, back and foreslopes, outer reef channel and lagoons (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models