Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Nemenzo, F. Sr. 1986. (Ref. 910)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 31°S, 32°E - 180°E (Ref. 848)
Colony: massive, often small. Conical corallites with thick walls. Thick, irregular septo-costae. Strongly beaded costae. Weakly developed paliform lobes. Color: uniform or mottled brown, green, yellow-green, or gray (Ref. 848).
Found in a wide range of subtropical reefs and rocky foreshores (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models