Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 26.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 28 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 108798)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 330 m (Ref. 356), usually 11 - 36 m (Ref. 8)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945); 39°N - 8°N, 98°W - 60°W
Western Atlantic and the Caribbean.
Maximum standard length: 27.0 cm (Ref. 356). Maximum depth range from Ref. 97531. Inhabits bottom firm mud and silt with sand and shells. Juveniles can live in water with low salinities (Ref. 8). Juveniles use seagrass beds as nursery grounds until they reach a size of about 10 cm total length, then migrates offshore. Feeds nocturnally, mainly preying on the seagrass shrimp Thor floridanus. Other food items of juveniles include bivalves, calcareous algae, plant detritus, copepods and seagrass fragments (Ref. 67427). Life cycle: Larvae undergo 5 naupliar stages, 3 protozeal stages and 2 to 5 mysis stages (Ref. 108811). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Spawns throughout the year (Ref. 108797).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (13 of 100)