Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 256 - 5110 m (Ref. 87599). Polar
Southwest Pacific and Antarctic Indian Ocean. Temperate to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Murray, J. 1896. (Ref. 87480)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.6 - 2.4, mean 2.2 (based on 221 cells).