Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 33°N - 8°N, 98°W - 58°W (Ref. 847)
Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea.
Colonies are usually dome shaped and phaceloid, with widely spaced tubular corallites. Septa are evenly spaced in two alternating orders. Costae are well developed. Tentacles are extended at night and are of two sizes. Yellow brown to grey in color.
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models