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Eupolymnia nebulosa   (Montagu, 1818)

strawberry worm

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Eupolymnia nebulosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eupolymnia nebulosa (strawberry worm)
Picture by Pillon, Roberto

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Polychaeta | Canalipalpata | Terebellidae

Environment / Climate / Range

Sessile; depth range 0 - 315 m (Ref. 107121).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Antarctic, Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Indo-Pacific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found under stones in shallow, protected waters (Ref. 107397). A surface deposit-feeder (Ref. 96376). Members of the class Polychaeta are mostly gonochoric (sexual). Mating: Females produce a pheromone attracting and signalling the males to shed sperm which in turn stimulates females to shed eggs, this behavior is known as swarming. Gametes are spawned through the metanephridia or body wall rupturing (termed as "epitoky", wherein a pelagic, reproductive individual, "epitoke", is formed from a benthic, nonreproductive individual, "atoke"). After fertilization, most eggs become planktonic; although some are retained in the worm tubes or burrowed in jelly masses attached to the tubes (egg brooders). Life Cycle: Eggs develop into trocophore larva, which later metamorph into juvenile stage (body lengthened), and later develop into adults (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Polychaeta are mostly gonochoric (sexual). Mating: Females produce a pheromone attracting and signalling the males to shed sperm which in turn stimulates females to shed eggs, this behavior is known as swarming. Gametes are spawned through the metanephridia or body wall rupturing (termed as "epitoky", wherein a pelagic, reproductive individual, "epitoke", is formed from a benthic, nonreproductive individual, "atoke"). After fertilization, most eggs become planktonic; although some are retained in the worm tubes or burrowed in jelly masses attached to the tubes (egg brooders). Life Cycle: Eggs develop into trocophore larva, which later metamorph into juvenile stage (body lengthened), and later develop into adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Salazar-Vallejo, S.I. and M.H. Londoño-Mesa. 2004. (Ref. 8159)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.6 - 26.4, mean 10.2 (based on 2223 cells; Ref. 115970).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown