Holothuroidea | Apodida
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. 2003. (Ref. 473)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 40.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 448); common length : 0.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Benthic; depth range 0 - 77 m (Ref. 81020)
Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific: South Africa to Hawaii. Tropical to subtropical.
Seagrass beds, coral boulders; benthic; crown (Ref. 473); common on reef and also on sandy bottoms (Ref. 800). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)