Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Jennings, S., J. Lancaster, A. Woolmer and J. Cotter. 1999. (Ref. 3123)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range ? - 384 m (Ref. 87480)
Climate / Range
Northeast Atlantic, Antarctic and the Mediterranean Sea: Crozet; North Sea.
Depth based on Crozet Island (Ref. 87480). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models