Demospongiae | Astrophorida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 415)
Climate / Range
Western Atlantic: Bahamas, Belize; Venezuela and Brazil.
Massive amorphous to lobate. Color: black to purplish gray externally, tan internally. Very smooth skin that wrinkles when lifted out of the water. Consistency compressible and dense, easily torn (Ref. 415).
Rare species; exclusive of reef habitats, under 5 m deep (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models