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Eriocheir sinensis   Milne-Edwards, 1853

Chinese mitten crab

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Eriocheir sinensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)
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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Varunidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Ray, G.L. 2005. (Ref. 3159)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 7.5 cm CW male/unsexed; (Ref. 3159)


Benthic; freshwater; brackish; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 81172)

Climate / Range

Temperate; 5°C - 27°C (Ref. 8003); 44°N - 21°N, 112°E - 135°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northwest Pacific: Native from Valdivostok Russia, to the west coast of North Korea south to Hong Kong, China. Introduced to central and western Europe.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Catadromous (Ref. 101972). Maximum depth from Ref. 104445. Found in coastal rivers and estuaries. It needs brackish or saltwater to reproduce (Ref. 8778). From sublittoral sediment and surface running water (Ref.). Predominantly omnivorous; however, it exhibits plasticity in its diet (i.e. feeding habits may shift throughout the cycle). Likely to scavenge and feed on detritus. Shifts to a more carnivorous diet as it ages, eating shrimp and other benthic invertebrates. Also reported to feed on fish captured in fishing nets. Has high affinity to burrow. Juveniles are known to form burrows between high and low tide lines upon migration into brackish waters (Ref. 104191). Feeds on periphytic algae, terrestrial plants, detritus, sand, copepods and chironomid larvae (Ref. 107018). Life cycle: Eggs are carried until hatched and the adults die afterwards. The larvae undergo five zoeal stages. Juveniles migrate from the estuary to the freshwater to develop into adults. Adults migrate downstream, mating occurs in saline water (Ref. 8003). Peak in December to February (Ref. 8003).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)


CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)