Anthozoa | Zoanthidea
Callaway, R., J. Alsvag, I. de Boois, J. Cotter, A. Ford, H. Hinz, S. Jennings, I. Kroncke, J. Lancaster, G. Piet, P. Prince and S. Ehrich. 2002. (Ref. 96391)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Northeast Atlantic: North Sea.
Occurs at depths between 50 to 200m, in silt to very fine sand substrate (Ref. 96391). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models