Cephalochordata | Not assigned
Environment / Climate / Range
Demersal; depth range 5 - 58 m (Ref. 1478). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 3.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1478)
Found in muddy sand with or without shell gravels (Ref. 1482). Members of the class Cephalochordata are gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs develop into planktotrophic larva and later on to benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalochordata are gonochoric. Life cycle: Eggs develop into planktotrophic larva and later on to benthic adults.
Richardson, B.J. and A.M. McKenzie. 1994. (Ref. 1478)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 21.3 - 28.8, mean 27.4 (based on 510 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)