Bivalvia | Veneroida
De Smit, M. and K. Bába. 2002. (Ref. 2721)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 2843), usually 5 - 25 m (Ref. 112055)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 63°N - 30°N, 11°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.
Depth based on occurrence record; to be replaced with better reference. Found in estuarine and inshore areas in substrates of silt to very fine sand (Ref. 96352). In muddy fine sand (Ref. 109255). An active suspension feeder (Refs. 2843, 96376). A microvore that feeds on organic detritus (Ref. 96352). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models