Bivalvia | Veneroida
Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7726)
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 73 m (Ref. 104365)
Climate / Range
Temperate; 46°N - 18°N, 91°W - 59°W
Western Atlantic Ocean: from Nova Scotia, Canada to Florida and southern Gulf of Mexico to Campeche, Mexico. Introduced in the Northeast Atlantic from UK (England and Wales), the North Sea to southern Norway and southern Baltic Sea to Spain in the southern Bay of Biscay. Tropical to temperate.
Comprise communities and assemblages throughout the Mid-Atlantic Bight (Ref. 80354). Inhabits littoral and sublittoral sediment (Ref. 1314). Found in areas influenced by estuarine outflows (Ref. 96507). Swims backward (Ref. 80328). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (16 of 100)