Reptilia | Squamata
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 78637). Tropical; 51°N - 58°S (Ref. 356)
Indo-West Pacific, Northwest Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 880 - ? cm Max length : 91.0 cm SVL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78637); common length : 90.0 cm SVL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2352)
Feeds exclusively and frequently on large numbers of eggs of small fishes such as damselfish, blennies and gobies. Moves slowly and continuously across crevices and burrows while hunting for fish nests. Only active during daylight. Locates its prey via smell rather than through visual cues (Ref. 101738). Mating behavior: Males stimulate females during copulation with the use of their larger rostral spine (Ref. 2352).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mating behavior: Males stimulate females during copulation with the use of their larger rostral spine.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
High vulnerability (56 of 100)