Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Kühne, S. and E. Rachor. 1996. (Ref. 2707)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 96426)
Climate / Range
Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: England, Germany and Denmark. Temperate and subtropical.
Found in depths of 50 m or more (Ref. 96426). This is an attached (Ref. 3123), and epibenthic species (Ref. 95730); most prevalent in macroalgae such as Laminaria spp. and Fucus serratus and found in intertidal areas. Trophic level: 1.5 (Ref. 96418). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models