Echinoidea | Echinoida
Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 17.6 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 101443); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 101443)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 96312)
Climate / Range
Temperate, preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945)
Northeast Atlantic: Norway, Germany and England.
It is found on the upper subtidal, and intertidally on low spring tides from depths of 0 to 100 meters. They graze and feed on a variety of plant and animal material (Ref. 96312). Small eggs, seasonally produced, spawning varies with latitude (Ref. 96312).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models