Echinoidea | Spatangoida | Loveniidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS
MarineSpecies.org. 2050. (Ref. 3477)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 5 - 360 m (Ref. 85345)
Climate / Range
Atlantic, North Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Temperate and subtropical.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Found in sandbanks in clean coarse-grained sand. Herbivorous epistratum feeder (Ref. 96352). Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models