Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Ross, M.A. and G. Hodgson. 1981. (Ref. 8294)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 3 - 56 m (Ref. 8294)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 27°S, 32°E - 172°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Bonin Islands to Australia and Red Sea to Kiribati.
Maximum depth from Ref. 100940. In Palau, it has variable bleaching level and distinct variation in color upon bleaching (Ref. 66144). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models