Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 87091)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 28°N - 8°N, 92°W - 58°W (Ref. 847)
Colonies have encrusting bases on which cylindrical columns are developed that may reach 2 m in height. Septo-costae are thick, in two alternating orders. Tentacles remain extended during the day giving columns a furry appearance. Grey-brown in color.
Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models