Gastropoda | Nudibranchia
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 3.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 822)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 415)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 31°N - 26°N, 88°E - 42°E (Ref. 83435)
Eastern Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Black Sea.
Assumed maximum length from Ref. 822. Mimicked by the polyclad flatworm Pseudobiceros bajae (Ref. 822). Members of the order Nudibranchia are simultaneous hermaphrodites. Mating behavior: Both individuals darts their penis toward each other to induce one to act as a male and the other as the female. The victorious one to penetrate the body wall is the dominant male. Life cycle: Eggs are deposited on a substratum where they develop and hatch into (planktonic) vestigial veliger larval stage and further grow as adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)