Demospongiae | Dendroceratida
Sarà, M., A. Balduzzi, M. Barbieri, G. Bavestrello and B. Burlando. 1992. (Ref. 87531)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Antarctic: Antarctica and Kerguelen Island.
Bright yellow; spiky (Ref. 089939).
Common on shallow rocky surfaces and occasional on under-surfaces of boulders. Grows on macro-algae, organism shells or hard rock (Ref. 089939). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models