Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; depth range 27 - 4312 m (Ref. 105406). Subtropical; 75°N - 58°S, 145°W - 36°E
Eastern Pacific, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea to the Arctic Ocean: Western to northern Europe, and Western Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 90120)
Inhabits deep-water coral reef mound (Ref. 105183). It is also found in sublittoral to abyssal depths, usually attached to rocks, stones, gorgonians, or hydroids on muddy and sandy substrates (Ref. 90120). Epibionts on the trunk of the black coral Leiopathes glaberrima bush (Ref. 105183). Colonized by the parasitic foraminifer Hyrrokkin sarcophaga (Ref. 105186). Suspension feeder (Ref. 105183). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Demir, M. 2003. (Ref. 2754)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models