Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 348). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: from India to Melanesia; north Japan and south to Queensland and New Caledonia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 9.5 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 7.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Attached to rock, coral and other hard objects. Common on coarse sand in coral reef areas. Intertidal and shallow subtidal waters (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
Shell solid, medium sized, higher than long, elongate-ovate in outline. Both valves convex, the right (lower) valve more inflated than the left (upper) valve. Ears subequal in size and shape. Right anterior ear with a slight byssal notch anteroventrally, devoid of ctenolium. Outer sculpture of about 10 or 11 rounded radial folds (9 to 13) on each valve, with numerous, much smaller, secondary radial riblets that are set with densely and finely imbricated transverse scales, giving a rather strongly scabrous aspect. Surface of ears with distinct radial ridges (more developed on right anterior ear). Hinge line quite long, about 2/3 of shell length, with shallow marginal ridges. Interior of valves shiny, with a flattened radial sculpture corresponding with the outer folds. Colour: outside of shell off-white to interior satin white, with dark brown on the hinge line.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.6 (based on 2509 cells; Ref. 115970
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)