Malacostraca | Decapoda
Barnes, D.K.A. and R.J. Arnold. 2001. (Ref. 2884)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101422); max. reported age: 30 years (Ref. 100471)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 96667)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 38°N - 36°S, 32°E - 134°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Hawaii.
Spermatophore has a total length of 0.0016 cm, a stalk that is 0.0090 cm long and 0.0020 cm wide and an ampulla that is 0.0060 cm long and 0.0045 cm wide (Ref. 2889).
Maximum depth from Ref. 85195. Intertidal to 50 m (Ref. 85195). Also occurs from littoral and subtidal zones (Ref. 2884); associated with coral reef, reef flats, rocky platform, rubble, sand (Ref. 81753), seagrass bed and algal mat (Ref. 106227). On coral heads in lagoons (Ref. 74671). Reported to feed on holothurians (Ref. 106232). Opportunistic omnivore (Ref. 100471). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models