Gymnolaemata | Cyclostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 526 m (Ref. 119523). Temperate
Atlantic Ocean and the Antarctic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Often abundant in the infra-littoral fringe on small red algae, notably Phyllophora membranifolia (Ref. 96585). A suspension/filter feeder; captures particles and transports it to the mouth by a flicking action (Ref. 96587). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models