Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 26 - 200 m (Ref. 87801). Temperate
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Maximum depth from Ref. 114707. It inhabits the lower part of the continental shelf and is found encrusting on hard substrates (Ref. 87801). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Gappa, J.L. 2000. (Ref. 1202)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 10.6 - 14.8, mean 11.8 (based on 26 cells).