Bivalvia | Veneroida
Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos, P. Vasconcelos and C.C. Monteiro. 2002. (Ref. 2736)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 10.1 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2758); max. reported age: 40 years (Ref. 8702)
Benthic; depth range 10 - 180 m (Ref. 113223)
Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 53°N - 27°N, 32°W - 36°E (Ref. 114316)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
An active suspension feeder (Ref. 96376). Infaunal, found on sandy substrates (Ref. 113223). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)