Gastropoda | Archaeogastropoda
Gallivan, G. and J. Danforth. 1999. (Ref. 312)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 3.0 cm SHD male/unsexed; (Ref. 865); common length : 3.5 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 312)
Demersal; depth range 0 - 42 m (Ref. 865)
Climate / Range
Eastern Pacific and the Arctic: From Alaska to Mexico. Climate: tropical to boreal.
Description: Shell is conical and colored shiny gold with iridescent purple rings (Ref. 312).
It has a shell height of 3.5 cm (Ref. 312). Occurs at low intertidal to subtidal levels. Omnivorous, feeds on kelp, detritus, diatoms, copepods, hydroids, and bryozoans. During good weather, they like to move up the stalks of the kelp towards the sun (Ref. 312). Also in Ref. 95344. Members of the order Archaeogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models