Scaphopoda | Gadilida
Steiner, G. and A.R. Kabat. 2004. (Ref. 1821)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 630 m (Ref. 1821)
Climate / Range
Indian Ocean: Red Sea to India and Maldives.
Minimum depth from Ref. 105057. Intertidal (Ref. 105057). Scaphopods are selective microcarnivores, feeding on microscopic organisms particularly forams. It also feeds on juvenile bivalves and kinorhynchs. Some species may be selective detritivores (Ref. 833). Members of the class Scaphopoda are gonochoric. Fertilization occurs in the mantle cavity. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into free-swimming lecithotrophic trochophore larvae, succeeded by shelled veligers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models