Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 75 m (Ref. 83435). Subtropical; 43°N - 27°N, 82°W - 65°W (Ref. 83435)
Western Atlantic Ocean: USA and Mexico. From Cape Cod, Massachusetts to Cape Canaveral, Florida (Ref. 101477) and to the northern coast of Campeche, Mexico (Ref. 101490).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 10.0  range ? - ? cm Max length : 24.9 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435)
Maximum depth from Ref. 104440. Intertidal (Ref. 106829) to subtidal (Ref. 101477). Found in sand flats (Ref. 101477). Carnivorous. Forages on intertidal flats and creeks fringed by oyster reef and in subtidal channels (Ref. 106829). Preys on bivalves (Refs. 101524, 101525) such as oysters, scallops and clams (Ref. 106829). It uses the lip of its shell, synchronous with its foot, to penetrate, break off and force open the valves of its prey (Refs. 101524, 101525). Broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos emerged into miniature adults which further develop into grown adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos emerged into miniature adults which further develop into grown adults (Ref. 833).
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum. 2005. (Ref. 19)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 9.6 - 25.6, mean 19.8 (based on 130 cells; Ref. 115970