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Buccinum undatum   Linnaeus, 1758

waved whelk
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Buccinum undatum
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Neogastropoda | Buccinidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 600 m (Ref. 78657).  Temperate, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 85°N - 45°N, 110°W - 40°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Arctic, Northern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Canadian Arctic Archipelago and the Atlantic Ocean. Temperate to polar climates.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 7.2 cm Max length : 10.2 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 360); common length : 5.1 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 360)

Short description Morphology

Shell: not very thick, solid, conical spire, generally high, sometimes rather flattened spires, very convex whorls and markedly impressed suture; ovoidal aperture, outer lip is not thickened or toothed, lacks inner folds; columellar lip has a fairly striking callus, partly adheres to the ventral surface of the body whorl; sculpture has almost equidistant spiral grooves and quite big axial ribs that tend to fade at the edge of the body whorl and are generally sinous; yellowish white or light hazel in color; periostracum is light chestnut in color and not very resistant; operculum is horny, smaller than the aperture, has a central nucleus. Body: large foot, whole body cream with blackish patches; head has a pair of tentacles with an eye at the base of each, long proboscis; well-developed siphon; radula is rachnioglossan.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 106864. Common in the continental shelf (Ref. 106864). Common in the subtidal to 200 m depth in the northern Atlantic (Ref. 78657). Usually found on hard bottoms (Ref. 95730), as well as soft bottoms from 5 to 600 m (Ref. 106864). Also found to occur in areas with sludge (Ref. 96352). Relatively sedentary (Ref. 106864). It is a necrophagous, scavenger species (Ref. 96498). Feeds on polychaetes, molluscs, echinoderms and other smaller crustaceans (Ref. 106864). Females gather in groups to deposit eggs in a communal mass of egg capsules where veligers develop and metamorphose inside and later hatch out as young individuals (Ref. 360).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Females gather in groups to deposit eggs in a communal mass of egg capsules where veligers develop and metamorphose inside and later hatch out as young individuals (Ref. 360).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Harms, J. 1993. (Ref. 2711)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Egg development

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)